The Future of the Far East Asia
A couple of years back, environmental researcher saw 4 Javan rhino calves during a field survey in Indonesia. In the face of climate change...
A couple of years back, environmental researcher saw 4 Javan rhino calves during a field survey in Indonesia. In the face of climate change, the rhinos are seen as the most critically endangered massive mammal on the planet. About 90 percent of this rhinos are found in Indonesia. So, this calls for more attention in the protection of the habitat of these mammals.
Indonesia and Malaysia have tropical rain forests and coral reefs which is known one of the world biggest biodiversity habitats. This part of the Far East Asia is known as Sundaland. Also, this area extends to the two of the world’s biggest islands – Borneo and Sumatra. About “60% of the 25,000 species of vascular plants found in Sundaland are endemic”. (Environmental Literacy). This part of the Far East Asia also have about 2,000 species of orchids and it is also habitat for Titan Arum and Rafflesia, a plant that grows one of the world’s biggest flowers. (Environmental Literacy)
Indonesia is the sixth largest country in the world in term of population, with inhabitants of about 237 million. However, Malaysia has a smaller population of 27.5 million. (Environmental Literacy). So, considering the biggest share of both countries’ population depending on subsistence farming as source of their livelihood – this has largely contributed to high rate of deforestation. In 2008 Indonesia was in Guinness World Record as having the highest deforestation rate in the world. As at the time of the record, the deforestation rate was estimated to be about 300 football fields destroyed every hour. (Environmental Literacy). In Sundaland, there have been growing treat of animals’ extinctions and even some animals have disappeared as a result of the destruction of forest.
However, measures have been put in place by some private and public conservation organisation to curtail the situation. Conservation International has also established to protect part of the forest in Sundaland. Implementation this plan will not be fully enhanced without protecting other areas close to the area intended to be protected. So, this will limit farming expansion. But with the growing population in this part of the world and a focus on agriculture for survival, this will mean deviation from farming as a means of survival to other industrial area. Where does the future area of livelihood of the people in this country rest on?
Environmental Literacy, http://www.enviroliteracy.org/article.php/493.html
Research question: What will be the future Job of Indonesia and Malaysia with the expanding population when there is limited farm land?